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Paper Details

Paper Title
Effect of zinc oxide nanoparticles on Germination and Growth Characteristics in Wheat Plants (Triticum aestivum L.)
Abstract
Nanotechnology opens a large scope of novel applications in biotechnology and agricultural industries. Despite the plenty of information available on the toxicity of nanoparticles to plant system, few studies have been conducted on mechanisms, by which nanoparticles exert their effect on plant growth and development. The present study was aimed to investigate the effects of zinc oxide nanoparticles on wheat (Triticumaestivum L.) plants. Zinc oxide nanoparticles has been synthesized by the simple chemical route. Synthesized nanoparticles have been confirmed with X-ray diffractometer (XRD), Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM). Different concentration of synthesized zinc oxide nanoparticles (2000-10,000 ppm) solution were prepared and applied to healthy wheat seeds (variety: lok-1) by soaking approach. The seed germination, seedling vigor, plant growth characteristics were measured by using standard biophysical techniques and studied. Results of the present study showed enhancement in germination and growth characteristics in 5 days grown wheat seedlings for control upto 1000 ppm. However, above 1000 ppm, the significant decrease was observed in these parameters upto 2000 ppm. In addition, shoot length, seedling length, and root dry matters were affected by nanosized ZnO (~3-5 nm mean particle size) concentrations, significantly. These results indicate that employing nanosized ZnO in suitable concentration could endorse the seed germination of wheat in comparison to untreated control. Otherwise high concentrations had inhibitory or any effects on wheat.
Keyword
Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.), Seedling, germination, Zinc oxide nanoparticles
Others Details
Paper Id : 53125
Author Name : J.A.Bagawade
Co-Author Name(s) : S. S. Jagtap
Volume/Issue No : Volume 05 Issue 04
Page No : 205-209
DOI Number : DOI:10.21090/IJAERD.53125
License : This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
website : http://www.ijaerd.com/index.php
Impact Factor : 5.71, SJIF-2017
ISSN Details : eISSN: 2348-4470, pISSN:2348-6406