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Paper Details

Paper Title
EFFECT OF HEAVY METALS PRESENT IN MIXING WATER ON THE PROPERTIES OF CONCRETE
Abstract
Cement concrete is one of the most widely used material in the construction field. For producing good cement concrete, it is necessary to use selected ingredients like cement, aggregate and water. One of the major challenges of the present society is the protection of environment. Some of the important elements in this respect are the reduction in the consumption of energy, natural materials and consumption of waste materials. Nowadays these are getting considerable attention under sustainable development. Due to growing population and rapid industrialization, there is a concomitant increase in waste water volume which is contaminated with various constituents i.e., organic, inorganic and biological substances. Industrial sector is one of the major water consuming areas. Because of rapid growth of industries, fresh water resources have been drastically diminishing day to day.Electroplating industry in India is spread throughout the country. Metals used for plating are heavy metals like Nickel, Copper, Lead, Cadmium, Zinc, Iron, Platinum, Mercury, Silver, Chromium etc. It has been noted that out of the total amount of these metals used in electroplating, 4% goes as waste in sludge spent wash, electroplating solutions etc. If these waters are used for farming, drinking etc., it may give detrimental effect. Hence, use of these waters has to be thoroughly examined for the purpose where its effect is not hazardous. Cement concrete industry is one such areas, which requires lot of water. Concrete is one of the highly consumable product in now a days. Experimental studies are carried out in the present investigation to check the suitability of industrial waste water containing certain heavy metalslike Cadmium, Zinc and Ironon compressive strength development, split tensile strength, flexural strength and assessing the durability against acidic and alkaline attack. The results obtained yields insignificant variation in compressive strength, split tensile and flexural strength and durability when compared to reference concrete made of de-ionized water.
Keyword
Heavy metal, Cadmium, Zinc, Iron, Compresive strength, Split tensile strength, Flexural strength, Durability.
Others Details
Paper Id : 98206
Author Name : B.Madhusudana Reddy
Co-Author Name(s) : Shaik Althasneem
Volume/Issue No : Volume 05 Issue 02
Page No : 29-37
DOI Number : DOI:10.21090/IJAERD.98206
License : This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
website : http://www.ijaerd.com/index.php
Impact Factor : 5.71, SJIF-2017
ISSN Details : eISSN: 2348-4470, pISSN:2348-6406