Design, Deployment and Testing of a WSN and Weather Forecast based Irrigation Regulator System

Authors

  • Ravinder Singh Department of Electronics, Baba Banda Singh Bahadur Engineering College, Fatehgarh Sahib, Punjab (India), prince9465@gmail.com
  • Tripatjot Singh Panag Department of Electronics, Baba Banda Singh Bahadur Engineering College, Fatehgarh Sahib, Punjab (India), tripatjot.singh@bbsbec.ac.in

Keywords:

Wireless Sensors, Soil Moisture, Weather Forecast, Irrigation Regulator, GSM Modem.

Abstract

Punjab is an agriculture oriented state. Over the last couple of years we have started
adopting modern practices in agriculture, but still there is a great need to improve the
conventional agriculture practice and tools. The major crops grown here are wheat and rice. The
crop of rice mainly grown during June-July consumes a lot of water, due to which the
underground water table is going down day by day. So there is a great challenge before us to
save the underground water. The present work aims at designing a WSN based soil moisture
content measuring system. It is also desired to use this information in association with weather
forecast information to design an expert system for regulating the switching ON/OFF of the
motor based on the soil moisture content and weather forecast. A “WSN and Weather Forecast
based Irrigation Regulator System” has been developed. The Moisture Sensor Unit (MSU) has
been designed to generate a signal whenever the soil goes dry. The Main Control Unit (MCU) of
the system on receiving the dry signal from the Moisture Sensor Unit enquires about the weather
forecast from the mobile service provider (IDEA) and accordingly makes a decision whether to
switch ON the motor or not. The said system has been deployed over a period of about six
months to regulate the irrigation process for two crops – wheat and onion. On the basis of the
results obtained it can be concluded that the system can reliably be used to regulate the irrigation
process.

Published

2014-05-25

How to Cite

Ravinder Singh, & Tripatjot Singh Panag. (2014). Design, Deployment and Testing of a WSN and Weather Forecast based Irrigation Regulator System. International Journal of Advance Engineering and Research Development (IJAERD), 1(5), 750–759. Retrieved from https://ijaerd.com/index.php/IJAERD/article/view/136

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