Study of Production of Ammonia from Natural Gas and Air
Keywords:Kellogg process, ammonia, nitrogen fixation, catalyst.
Ammonia is an important nitrogenous material used as fertilizer. Most of ammonia is made synthetically. It
is also obtained as by-product in some cases. Ammonia gas is used directly as fertilizer in heat treatment, paper pulping,
nitric acid and nitrate manufacturing, nitric acid esters and nitro compound manufacture, explosive of various types and
as a refrigerant. The most important field is of fertilizer. Importance of ammonia in this field is due to the fact that it is by
far the simplest form of actual nitrogen which can be administrated and the most economical source of other nitrogen
chemicals. Hence ammonia is the backbone of Nitrogen fertilizer processes. Its production is the first consideration in
the initiation of a fertilizer industry. Great strides have been made in the last few years in the economy and efficiency of
ammonia processes. The process available for its manufacture is Haber, Kellogg, Corl Bosch, Claude, Casale, and
Fauser, Mont Cenis. The main raw material for the ammonia production is natural gas obtained from petroleum
industry. The synthesis of ammonia from Nitrogen and hydrogen was first chemical reaction to be carried out under high
pressure on commercial scale. This synthesis reaction has probably been studied more extensively and is better
understood than any other high pressure reactions. This will be the subject of study in the project along with the
designing of the project and analytical evaluation.